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“The inequality virus”: this is the name of the new report from the Oxfam association. And for good reason. The world’s richest 1,000 people regained their pre-crisis fortunes in just nine months, while it is estimated that it will take at least ten years for the poorest to recover.

Worse yet: not only did the rich not suffer from the pandemic, but in addition, some saw their profits increase. The most telling example is that of Jeff Bezos. The boss of Amazon, who holds the largest fortune in the world, was favored by the closure of so-called non-essential businesses. In September 2020, he could therefore have paid each of his 876,000 employees a bonus of $ 105,000 … while remaining as rich as before the crisis. 

A finding without appeal. All the more so as the “Davos Agenda” opens on January 25, a meeting of major world leaders intended to discuss the state of the planet in 2021. The subject of inequalities should, once again, be on the agenda. table. Because as reminds us Oxfam, the gaps in wealth are not new: “This crisis comes in an already deeply unequal world, where a minority of people, mostly very rich white men, monopolize most of the wealth,” says Quentin Parrinello, spokesperson for the association. “Our economic model allows an elite to amass considerable wealth during the most dramatic recession we have seen since the Great Depression, when billions of people, especially those on the front lines of this crisis, struggle to pay their taxes. bills and to feed. “

According to estimates, between 200 and 500 million people have indeed fallen into poverty since the start of the pandemic. Women are particularly affected: they are over-represented in precarious and / or poorly paid jobs. On the contrary, the richest 1000 people earned 540 billion dollars. Either, as Oxfam reminds us, enough money to finance the vaccine against Covid-19 and distribute it to everyone. 

Les réductions d'impôts accordées aux riches creusent les inégalités selon cette étude.

The association, therefore, calls for immediate action. With a key argument: if the different governments act now, the poorest could return to their pre-crisis level in three years instead of ten, according to World Bank estimates. Oxfam, therefore, offers some avenues to reduce inequalities. For example: raising the minimum wage in the social and health sectors, establishing wage ceilings, extending the exceptional aid mechanisms for precarious people, or even removing fossil fuel subsidies. The association is also approaching economist Thomas Piketty by proposing to tax the rich more heavily. “This can take the form of an increase in wealth tax, taxes on financial transactions and measures to eradicate tax evasion,” Oxfam detailed in its report. It remains to be seen whether these appeals will be heard. 

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