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VALENTINE’S DAY: HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF THE FESTIVAL OF LOVERS

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February 14 is the feast of lovers, more commonly known as Valentine’s Day. But by the way, do you know who this Valentine is and why is this event celebrated on February 14? We explain the history and origins of Valentine’s Day.

Each celebration has its own story. Do you know the Valentine’s Day, celebrated every February 14? To be honest, its exact origin is debated.

One of them dates back to the Middle Ages. It was at this time that the Church decided to celebrate Valentine of Terni, a priest martyr of the Roman Empire. In the third century, the latter had become accustomed to organizing Christian weddings, then banned by Emperor Claudius II who feared that men would get too attached to their wives. The celebration of these secret marriages then earned this Valentin de Terni to be arrested. He was then sentenced to death … on February 14. It was in 495 that Pope Gelasius I decided to canonize him and designate him patron saint of lovers.

VALENTINE'S DAY: HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF THE FESTIVAL OF LOVERS

Another origin, another story, this time pagan. Here too, we must go back to Antiquity since at that time, the Romans celebrated from February 13 to 15 Lupercus, the god of fertility and protector against wolves, by organizing thein the streets of Rome Lupercalia. During this race, the priests flogged passers-by with leather thongs, thinking to ensure their fertility.

Finally, another legend, another country, and another era. In the 14th century, for the English, February 14 rhymes with the beginning of the mating season, because it is from this date that birds began to mate. From then on, transfixed lovers had adopted the habit of declaring their love by writing love poems during this period. A custom that Charles d’Orléans, then imprisoned across the Channel, decided to bring back to France in the 15th century.

Today, there are many who have decided to take advantage of this celebration: pastry chefs, florists, perfumers… all bend over backwards to offer that little extra that will capsize your heart.

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